September 29 1938 Munich Agreement

In early November 1938, after the First Prize of LaViet, after the failure of negotiations between Czechoslovakia and Hungary, as a recommendation to settle territorial disputes by the annex of the Munich Agreement, the German-Italian arbitration demanded that Czechoslovakia be ceded to southern Slovakia and a third of the Slovak territory to Hungary, and soon after, Poland obtained shortly after time , regardless of each other, small territorial departures (Zaolzie). On 29 and 30 September 1938, an emergency meeting of the major European powers was held in Munich – without Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, allied with France and Czechoslovakia. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler`s terms. It was signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Great Britain and Italy. On the military front, the Sudetenland was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defences were there to protect themselves from a German attack. The agreement between the four powers was signed with low intensity in the context of an undeclared German-Czechoslovak war, which had begun on 17 September 1938. Meanwhile, after 23 September 1938, Poland transferred its military units to the common border with Czechoslovakia. [2] Czechoslovakia bowed to diplomatic pressure from France and Great Britain and decided on 30 September to cede Germany to Munich conditions. Fearing a possible loss of Zaolzie to Germany, Poland issued an ultimatum to Zaolzie, with a majority of Polish ethnic groups, which Germany had accepted in advance and accepted Czechoslovakia on 1 October.

[3] Adolf Hitler welcomed Neville Chamberlain upon the arrival of the British Prime Minister in Munich on 29 September 1938. Chamberlain (1869-1940), British Prime Minister from May 1937 to May 1940, was the British leader in the appeasement of Nazi Germany in the late 1930s. National Archives and Records Administration, College Park Hitler had already begun to re-elect Germany in defiance of the Treaty of Versaille, which reoccupied the Rhineland in 1936 and annexed Austria in 1938. He was now determined to conquer the Sudetenland, which was in Czechoslovakia but had a considerable German population and significant industrial resources. It was clear that he would do so by force if he had to, and that the Czechs had no hope of resisting him. In May, he had told his generals that he wanted to “crush Czechoslovakia with military action in the near future”, although some of his relatives had the impression that he did not want a general war at that time.